Sensitive species checklist for: Bhutan
Authors: Rinchen Yangzom and Michael B. Thomas
Citation: How to cite: Rinchen Yangzom and Michael B. Thomas. 2017. Endemic Plants of Bhutan. National Herbarium, National Biodiversity Centre, Ministry of Agriculture. Serbithang, Thimphu, Bhutan. http://www.bhutanbiodiversity.net/, accessed yyyy-mm-dd.
Locality: Bhutan (27.332740, 90.439450)
The Bhutan Himalaya forms a substantial part of the Eastern Himalaya with a huge elevation gradient from the low southern foothills with sub-tropical forests to the high northern Himalayas with alpine meadows. Its high variations of climatic and geographic factors contribute to high biodiversity. Over 5600 species of vascular plants occur in Bhutan, of which 462 are orchids including 54 species of new records (Gurung 2006) and some 46 species of Rhododendron (Flora of Bhutan 1991). The family of orchids, Orchidaceae, is the largest, followed by Poaceae, the grass family. This checklist includes some 126 species and 18 infraspecific taxa (varieties and subspecies), within 37 families, currently considered endemic to Bhutan, including 23 new species described after the Flora of Bhutan (1983-2002) publications.
Currently, a total of 140 species of plants are recognized to be endemic in Bhutan. The list will in the future be subject to change with regular new discoveries in Bhutan and the surrounding Himalayan region.
Reference: Yangzom, Rinchen and David G. Long. Eds. 2015. Plants Endemic to Bhutan Himalaya. National Biodiversity Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Serbithang, Thimphu, Bhutan. 160 p.
Notes: Project supported by the United States Fulbright Scholar Program, Washington, D.C. (2017). The Fulbright Program is the flagship international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government.
Species: 139 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 140 (including subsp. and var.)