Russula emetica (Schaeff.) Pers.
Family: Russulaceae
The Sickener
Russula emetica image
National Mushroom Centre  
Mata, M., D. Penjor and S. Pradham. 2010. Fungi of Bhutan. National Mushroom Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan.

Local name: No local name known

Edibility:  Poisonous

Habitat: Terrestrial and solitary to scatted.

Description: Cap:  5-10 cm in diameter and a bright red or cherry red in colour with finely ridged margins, sticky when young or moist. The cuticle is readily peeled from the cap. It is initially convex, then later flat, or depressed. Hymenophore: White with close gills.  Stem: Up to 7 cm tall and 2 cm wide, cylindrical and white. Flesh:  Brittle white and the taste peppery. Spore Print: White.

Comments: This attractive mushroom is easily recognized by its red cap, white stem and gills, and hot taste. Other species in the group include: R. silvicola, with a red to pinkish-yellow cap and slightly smaller spores, and R. mairei, coloured like R. emetica but associated with hardwoods and with a firmer texture and smaller spores.